Why Is My Dog Azotemic ?
Why Is My Cat Azotemic ?
To see what normal blood and urine values are for your pet, go here
For an explanation of causes of most abnormal blood and urine tests go here
To see how tests are often grouped, go here
Ron Hines DVM PhD
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(Long Ago Called Uremic Poisoning)
Conditions That Can Causes Azotemia In Your Pet :
Any condition that decreases the capacity of your dog or cat’s kidneys to move urea and creatinine out of the blood stream and into the urine (reduced glomerular filtration rate = GFR). This can be due to kidney damage (renal causes) or a decrease in the amount of blood passing through the pet’s kidneys (pre-renal causes) like the inefficient circulation that occurs in heart disease or inadequate fluid intake.
When BUN and Creatinine rise significantly in your dog or cat due to kidney disease (renal causes), two-thirds of its kidney’s filtering units, the glomeruli, are not functional.
Complementary Tests :
Urine specific gravity, complete urinalysis, anion gap, blood phosphorus, potassium and magnesium levels, PCV, reticulocyte count, Response to IV fluids, urine specific gravity less diagnostic of kidney disease in cats, after-trauma tests for bladder integrity